The Polarization Report Is Out

Board of Directors

Dr. Carl D. Marci is a physician, neuroscientist, author and entrepreneur in the health and technology sectors. He is a board-certified psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital and part-time Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Marci is also a member of the Aspen Global Leadership Network as a 2014 Henry Crown Fellow.

Previously, Dr. Marci was the co-founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Innerscope Research, a pioneer in the field of consumer neuroscience. The Company was acquired in 2015 by Nielsen, where he served as the first Global Chief Neuroscientist until 2019. He is also the former Director of Social Neuroscience at MGH and has been a visiting Lecturer at the MIT Media Lab.

Dr. Marci is holds a B.A. from Columbia University, an M.A. from Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and his medical degree from Harvard Medical School. He has published numerous articles in peer-reviewed science journals, holds seven patents, gives lectures nationally and internationally and is author of a forthcoming book on technology and the brain to be published by Harvard University Press.

Jocelyn Sargent is a political scientist and veteran change agent in philanthropy with over two decades of experience advancing democracy and social justice agendas of major institutions. A co-founder of the Center for Social Inclusion, she has spent the bulk of her career devoted to social equity, civil society, and leadership development. Her training as a social scientist combined with her impressive experience in philanthropic management and research coalesce perfectly with institutions seeking to making long-lasting impact for equity and justice.

By virtue of her humble extended family roots, Dr. Sargent possesses a deep personal passion for a fair and just society. Dr. Sargent also brings a professional background in grantmaking, public policy, community development, and research and assessment.

Her most notable work has been with the Open Society Foundation in New York, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation in Michigan, the Hogg Foundation in Texas, and the Hyams Foundation in Massachusetts.

Fred Lawrence is a Senior Research Scholar in Law at Yale Law School, and was President of Brandeis University from 2010-2015. While at Brandeis, he launched the Catalyst Fund for Financial Aid, with $43 million in cash and pledges raised. Lawrence’s signature achievement at Brandeis was to secure the Rose Art Museum, hire a new director, and rebuild its Board of Overseers. He graduated from Williams College Phi Beta Kappa and Magna Cum Laude, and received his J.D from Yale University Law School, where he was editor of the Yale Law Journal in 1980. He began his legal career in 1980 as clerk to Judge Amalya Lyle Kearse of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Later, Lawrence served as an assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York, where he became chief of the Civil Rights Unit.

In 1988, he joined the faculty of the Boston University School of Law where he taught courses on civil rights enforcement, criminal law, and civil procedure. He also served as the school’s associate dean for academic affairs from 1996 to 1999. Lawrence received BU’s Metcalf Award for Excellence in Teaching, the university’s highest teaching honor, in 1996. From 2005 through 2010, Lawrence was Dean and Robert Kramer Research Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School. He has been a senior visiting research fellow with the University College London Faculty of Law and has studied bias crimes law in the U.K. through a Ford Foundation grant. He was a trustee of Williams College and serves on the board of directors of the Anti-Defamation League and the Association of Independent Colleges & Universities in Massachusetts (AICUM), and the board of trustees of WGBH.

George C. Biddle is the former executive vice president of the International Rescue Committee, where he provided executive oversight to the IRC’s U.S. programs, international programs and advocacy departments, which combined operate in 42 countries worldwide and in 23 cities across the U.S. He served as acting president from May to July 2002. Prior to joining the IRC in 2000, Mr. Biddle was the vice president of the International Crisis Group, an organization that works through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict. He was also president of the Institute for Central American Studies, an organization he founded in 1989 to assist post-Cold War Central America in its transition from violent conflict to peace and democracy. He serves on several non -profit boards, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He holds an A.B. degree from Harvard and an M.A. in International Relations from Johns Hopkins.

James Houghton is an investor and Chairman of Market Street Trust Company, a shared family office that provides integrated wealth management services to several multi-generational families. Previously, James was a general partner at Megunticook Management, a Boston-based venture capital firm focused on investments in early-stage telecom and technology companies.  Prior to that James worked in several business development and management roles for Corning Inc. and started his career in investment banking at JP Morgan.

In addition to his board experience as an investor in a number of companies, James has served on many non-profit boards, including most recently St. Paul’s School, Shady Hill School and Citizen’s for Juvenile Justice. He is currently a Trustee of the Corning Museum of Glass and a Director of the Triangle Fund, a foundation supporting organizations that work with kids-at-risk in western NY.   James was also a co-founder and co-editor of The Good Men Project, a collection of essays about defining moments in a diverse group of men’s lives that sparked a national conversation about our shared humanity.

James received his B.A. from Harvard College and lives in Boston with his wife and two daughters.


Jeff is the Co-Founder of Summit, a cutting-edge organization best known for hosting global ideas festivals and events, and is the co-owner, designer, and developer of Summit Powder Mountain and the Powder Mountain ski resort in Eden, Utah.

Jeff is a founding board member of the Summit Institute, and a founding board member of the Anti-Recidivism Coalition. Jeff currently serves on the boards of Beyond Conflict and Street Soccer USA, and the Leadership Council at Conservation International. He is also the founder of the Summit Criminal Justice Policy Lab.

Jeff is also Co-Director of Summit Action Fund, which makes investments in startups that drive innovation and positive market disruption, such as Uber, Warby Parker, Katerra, Clover Health, Classpass, Ready Responders, Rubicon Recycling,, among others.

Jeff and is a Founding Partner at the Drawdown Fund, and a Senior Advisor to TPG Rise, one of the world’s largest Impact Funds. Jeff is an advisor to Inspire Energy, Seed, Senior Advisor to Learn Capital, Senior Advisor to the GivePower Foundation, Senior Advisor to Arabella Advisors, a leading philanthropy and impact investing consultancy, and is Senior Advisor to Laurel Strategies, a global business advisory and strategy firm. He is also on the Leadership Circle of the Conservation Lands Foundation, and on the advisory board of Save the Waves Foundation.

Jeff is a member of the Pacific Council on International Policy, and a recipient of the Tribeca Disruptive Innovator Award.

Jeff is also the co-author of Make No Small Plans, coming out 2020 from the Crown Publishing Group.

Justin Dangel is the CEO & Co-Founder of Ready Responders. Ready Responders recruits, trains and equips part-time EMTs to improve emergency response times and the efficiency of municipal EMS systems and pre-hospital care generally. Previously, Mr. Dangel founded Consumer United (now Goji) in 2008 and grew it from just a few employees in a small office to over 500 employees across multiple locations within 5 years. Consumer United was named one of the ‘Top 10 Fastest Growing Companies in Insurance’ by Inc. Magazine in 2012. In 1998, Mr. Dangel was the founder and CEO of, where he helped create the most popular independent political channel on the Internet with more than 3.5 million monthly users and 500,000 newsletter subscriptions. He led a team that developed strategic partnerships with Microsoft, NBC, CNN, the AFL-CIO, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Democratic and Republican parties and several others. His political and public service background includes the Board of Directors of the Massachusetts High Tech Collaborative – the state’s technology development agency. Mr. Dangel has spoken at numerous events and conferences across the country, including the World Economic Forum in Washington. He is a graduate of Duke University with a degree in Political Science.

Sarah Lukas recently retired as a healthcare partner at the firm of Edelstein & Company, LLP.  Prior to her retirement, Sarah specialized in providing tax, consulting and practice management services to health care clients. Her clients included a wide range of physician groups of various specialties and sizes. She also provided consulting services to hospitals and medical billing companies. She has extensive experience in medical billing and collection issues as well as the start-up of new physician practices. She is a graduate of SUNY Binghamton and Bentley College and is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Massachusetts Society of Certified Public Accountants, and the Physicians and Healthcare Committee Medical Group Management Association (MGMA).

Tim Phillips is the founder and CEO of Beyond Conflict, a non-profit organization that works with civic, non-profit and community leaders to address conflict and promote social change in the United States and abroad.


Since 1992, Beyond Conflict has created powerful and innovative frameworks to open pathways for progress in peace talks, transitions to democracy, and national reconciliation in the aftermath of division and violence in over 75 countries. Tim led efforts to catalyze the peace and reconciliation processes in several nations, including Northern Ireland, El Salvador, and South Africa. He has also advised the United Nations, the U.S Department of State, and the Council of Europe.


In recent years, Tim has led Beyond Conflict’s efforts to explore the fields of brain and behavioral science in depth. The organization has become widely acknowledged as the champion in catalyzing the field of Neuroscience and Social Conflict, by promoting this research, developing policy recommendations for national leaders, and convening six global conferences for key scientists, policymakers, practitioners, journalists and funders. This work is done in Beyond Conflict’s Innovation Lab for Neuroscience and Social Conflict, a research and development unit within the organization. Beyond Conflict has also been working with scientists and community leaders to apply lessons from brain and behavioral sciences to address a range of challenges, such as: racial justice and inclusion, conflict resolution and reconciliation, and other efforts to promote positive social change.


In the private sector, Tim was a founder of Energia Global International Ltd. (EGI), which was a leader in the development and operation of privately owned renewable energy facilities in Central and South America in the early 1990s. Tim also helped launch and serves on the Advisory Committee of the Club of Madrid, which was founded in 2001 and works with more than 80 former heads of state and government to promote the consolidation of democracy around the world.


Early in his career, Mr. Phillips worked internationally in support of human rights and the environment. In the late 1980s, he organized a series of independent fact-finding missions to Central America for U.S. policymakers, news editors and congressional staff to introduce them to the key players across the political spectrum in El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua, and to support the work of Costa Rican President Oscar Arias, who later won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to bring to peace to Central America. In 1989, Mr. Phillips developed and organized a seminar at Harvard University for leading journalists that introduced them to the concept of global warming, one of the first initiatives to bring this urgent issue to the attention of the national media.


Tim serves of the board of directors, trustees and overseers of numerous international organizations and cultural and educational institutions, including the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the Rose Art Museum, the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, and the Foundation for a Civil Society. He also serves as a strategic consultant to a number of early-stage nongovernmental organizations on issues of democratization, civil society, conflict resolution and technologies to bridge the digital divide in the developing world.


Tim is a frequent speaker in national and international forums, including the Council on Foreign Relations, the Salzburg Seminar, the U.S. Congress and the U.S. Department of State, and he has lectured at a number of universities, including Harvard, Columbia and Brandeis. He has published on transitional justice, conflict resolution and national reconciliation, and his work with Beyond Conflict (formerly the Project on Justice in Times of Transition) was featured in the PBS documentary The Visionaries. He has also been a guest commentator on National Public Radio, Radio RTE Ireland and the BBC World Service. Mr. Phillips was educated at Suffolk University and the London School of Economics and was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Suffolk University in 2018.